It is the staple food of almost the entire population of Odisha; therefore, the state economy is directly linked with improve-ments in production and productivity of rice in the state. Abstract. The rice production reached the record level of 76.55 lakh tones during 2007-08 and at present is 69.16 lakh tones (during 2008). Rice is one of the most cultivated grain crops in India as well as in Asian countries and a staple diet of a major part of India. This statement is particularly applicable to the Asian continent where rice forms the main staple food for the majority of the population (in particular the poorer segments of society) and where farmers account for more than 90 percent of the world's total rice production. Gacherigaon village in Odisha, uses the system of rice intensification (SRI) for paddy cultivation. Odisha was the first state in India to reform its power sector. But now it will be used for production … According to the data released by the government of India, the total rice production in India stands at 104.32 million for the year 2015-2016. Odisha (English: / ə ˈ d ɪ s ə /, Odia: ()), formerly Orissa (/ ɒ ˈ r ɪ s ə, ɔː-, oʊ-/), is an Indian state located in Eastern India.It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population.The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Rice production has also declined. A key finding that supports this contention is the rather high attainable (exploitable) yield gap of 1.52 t ha −1 ; a high yield gap when compared to lowland rice production in six other Asian countries ( Stuart et al., 2016 ). Odisha is among the states known for a wide variety of rice, the staple food of eastern and north-eastern India and beyond. They produce not only food and income but contribute to global food stoke. The entire study period is divided into two periods – Pre-reform period (1970-71 to 1991-92) and Post-reform period (1992-93 to 2013-14). One of the major shortcomings of rice production in the state is its low and stagnating yield. In 2015-2016, rice productivity in Odisha was recorded only 1.5 tons per hectare (ha), which is only 62% of the national average, according to the Ministry of Agriculture. The yield rate of rice is 1.6 tonnes/ ha as against national average of 2.2 tonnes / ha . In Odisha more women are involved in rice cultivation than in any other livelihood activity. Kalahandi is an example of disparity/contrasts that exist in many parts of the developing/underdeveloped world. 2166.93 MW is generated by hydro power and 116.39 MW by other renewable sources. Production of pulses is concentrated in districts like Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput Dhenkanal, Bolangir, Rayagada, Nauparha and Sambalpur. RICE. But this variety can be called unique even by Odisha's standards — the bamboo rice, which grows only twice or thrice in a century. 8) Odisha. Odisha agriculture map showing different crop growing areas in Odisha. Rice contributes more than 40 per cent of the country's total food grain production. 7) Chhattisgarh. In post Upper Indravati irrigation project it among the leading rice producing sub-division in Odisha. In 2019 alone, Myanmar accounted for 13,300 million metric tons of milled rice production. e dataoncultivablearea,production, and productivity of the rice in Odisha was collected from the Annual Report on Orissa agriculture and statistics on Agricultural Statistics published by the Directorate of Rice (Oryza sativa) is a type of [vegetables] and food.In origin, it is a swamp grass. RICE VARIETIES SUITABLE FOR DIFFERENT ECOSYSTEMS IN THE STATE: Crop: Variety: Parentage: Duration (days) Seed size: Hull colour: Kernel colour: Plant ht. Coarse cereals are of major importance in Odisha (Orissa) both in production and productivity. ... 14 days. It is an affordable source of protein (22-24%) and . India is one of the world's largest producers of rice, including white rice and brown rice, grown mostly in the eastern and southern parts of the country. On the one side, this district is famous for famine and starvation deaths: this is the same district that is rich with agriculture. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Kalahandi contributed largest number of rice mill, out of which majority of the rice mills are in Dharamgarh … Irrigation and Cultural Practices for rice Production in Mitrapur, Balasore,Odisha. Dharamgarh sub-division was historical known for rice production in Odisha. The rich production of crops like rice, jute, food grains and coconut is the highlight of the thriving Odisha Agriculture. Resistance to pests / diseases : Special features Kesinga is a town and a notified area committee in Kalahandi district in the Indian state of Odisha, near the east coast of India.It is also called the gate to kalahandi.Kesinga is rich in agriculture, small industries, and start-up as well. Area, Production & Productivity of rice of ODISHA : Year : Kharif : Rabi : Total : Area in lakhs ha : Production in lakh MT : Productivity in kg/ha: Area in lakhs ha : Production in lakh MT : Productivity in kg/ha : Area in lakhs ha : Production in lakh MT : Productivity in kg/ha : 1950-51 : 38.46 : We also get around 100 lakh tonnes of rice straw annually as agricultural byproduct. Among the cereals rice is the most dominant crop. 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